1446 – Redbad (2018)

timespace coordinates: 7th – 8th century Frisian–Frankish wars

Redbad is a 2018 Dutch drama film directed by Roel Reiné. It is based on the life of Redbad, the medieval king of Frisia. The film was intended as the middle part of a trilogy about iconic Dutch heroes, starting with the film Michiel de Ruyter about 17th century admiral Michiel de Ruyter and ending with a film about William of Orange. Most likely the biggest box office bomb in Dutch movie history, the film also received overwhelmingly negative reviews from the major Dutch newspapers.

Historical inaccuracies   /   imdb

1441 – Dark Waters (2019)

timespace coordinates: 1990’s – 2010’s  Cincinnati, Ohio – Parkersburg, West Virginia

dark_waters_xlgDark Waters is a 2019 American legal thriller film directed by Todd Haynes and written by Mario Correa and Matthew Michael Carnahan. It is based on the 2016 article “The Lawyer Who Became DuPont‘s Worst Nightmare” by Nathaniel Rich, published in The New York Times Magazine. Parts of the story were also reported by Mariah Blake, whose 2015 article “Welcome to Beautiful Parkersburg, West Virginia” was a National Magazine Award finalist, and Sharon Lerner, whose series “Bad Chemistry” ran in The Intercept. Robert Bilott, the principal character in the film, also wrote a memoir, Exposure, detailing his 20-year legal battle against DuPont. The film stars Mark RuffaloAnne HathawayTim RobbinsBill CampVictor GarberMare WinninghamWilliam Jackson Harper, and Bill Pullman. (wiki)

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Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, also known as C8)

forever chemicals / POPs / Perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS)

Timeline of events related to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)


Economic response

1431 – Iceman (2017)

timespace coordinates: ~3400 – 3100 BCE the Ötztal Alps,  Chalcolithic (Copper Age) Europe

ICEMANIceman (German: Der Mann aus dem Eis) is a 2017 German-Italian-Austrian adventure film directed by Felix Randau. It is a fictional story about the life of Ötzi, a natural mummy of a man found in 1991 in the Ötztal Alps. (wiki)

The characters speak an early version of Rhaetic, a language related to Etruscan and spoken by pre-Indo Europeans living in the region.

imdb   /   rt

1423 – The Aeronauts (2019)

timespace coordinates: 1859 – 1862 London

The Aeronauts is a 2019 biographical adventure film directed by Tom Harper starring Felicity JonesEddie RedmayneHimesh Patel and Tom Courtenay.

The film is based on an amalgam of the flights detailed in Richard Holmes‘ 2013 book Falling Upwards: How We Took to the Air. The most significant balloon flight depicted in The Aeronauts is based on the 5 September, 1862, flight of British aeronauts James Glaisher and Henry Coxwell whose coal gas filled balloon broke the world flight altitude record, reaching 9,000 to 11,000 m (30,000 to 36,000 ft). However, while Glaisher appears in the film, Coxwell has been replaced by Amelia, a fictional character. (actual individuals who comprise Amelia’s character include: Sophie Blanchard, the first woman to work as a professional balloonist, who became a celebrated aeronaut following her husband’s death. Felicity Jones has stated that Blanchard was the inspiration for her character.Margaret Graham, a British aeronaut and entertainer. Amelia’s relationship with husband Pierre is chiefly based on Sophie Blanchard’s flights with husband Jean-Pierre Blanchard, while Pierre’s death is inspired by that of Thomas Harris on 25 May, 1824.) – historical accuracy – (wiki)

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1421 – Ansisung (2018)

timespace coordinates: 645 AD. Goguryeo – the siege of Ansi Fortress and the epic eighty-eight day battle that Yang Manchun and his troops fought against 500,000 invading Tang dynasty men to defend it.

The_Great_Battle-p001The Great Battle (Korean: 안시성; Hanja: 安市城; RR: Ansi-seong; lit. Ansi Fortress) is a 2018 South Korean historical action film directed by Kim Kwang-sik. It stars Jo In-sungNam Joo-hyuk, and Park Sung-woong. (wiki)

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1419 – The Lighthouse (2019)

timespace coordinates: New England island in the 1890s

MV5BZmE0MGJhNmYtOWNjYi00Njc5LWE2YjEtMWMxZTVmODUwMmMxXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTkxNjUyNQ@@._V1_SY1000_CR0,0,675,1000_AL_The Lighthouse is a 2019 psychological horror film directed and produced by Robert Eggers (the vvitch – 2015), who co-wrote the screenplay with his brother Max Eggers. Shot in black-and-white with a 1.19:1 aspect ratio, the film stars Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson as two lighthouse keepers who start to lose their sanity when a storm strands them on the remote island where they are stationed.

The literature of Maine-based writer Sarah Orne Jewett served as a significant point of reference for the dialects used in The Lighthouse. Maritime and surrealistic elements from the works of Samuel Taylor ColeridgeHerman Melville and Robert Louis Stevenson also informed the writing of the film. According to Eggers, a 19th-century incident at Smalls Lighthouse in Wales involving two lighthouse keepers (both named Thomas, as in the film) was an additional source of inspiration. (wiki)

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The Lighthouse | The World | Official Featurette HD | A24